Hanoi Capital of Vietnam
Area: 3,324.5 sq. km.
Population: 7,216.0 thousand habitants (2015).
– Urban districts (12): Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong, Nam Tu Liem, Bac Tu Liem.
– Town: Son Tay.
– Rural districts (17): Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Gia Lam (Ha Noi); Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai, Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa (former Ha Tay Province) and Me Linh (a former district of Vinh Phuc Province).
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong, Tay, Dao…
Ha Noi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, the center of culture, politics, economy and trade of the whole country.
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Current Local Time in Hanoi, Vietnam
Ha Noi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Viet Nam. It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen and Vinh Phuc provinces to the north, Ha Nam and Hoa Binh provinces to the south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east, Hoa Binh and Phu Tho provinces to the west.Ha Noi means “the hinterland between the rivers” (Ha: river, Noi: interior). The portion of Red River running in Ha Noi is approximately 160km long. . There are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu. Ha Noi also characteristically contains many beautiful lakes, which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Ha Noi is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with four seasons a year including spring, summer, autumn, winter. During the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather is still cold but there is some light rain. The wet season, from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual temperature is 23.2°C (73.7°F) and the average annual rainfall is 1,800mm. The average temperature in winter is 17.2°C (62.9°F), but can rarely go down to 5°C (41°F). The average temperature in summer is 29.2°C (84.6°F), but can reach up to 39°C (102.2°F).
Read more: Hanoi weather
Since the founding of the country, Ha Noi has been a critical area. For more than a thousand years, Ha Noi was the centre of all resistance movements against northern aggressors to secure the independence of the Vietnamese nation.
Twenty-three centuries ago, Co Loa (now part of Dong Anh District) was the capital of Thuc An Duong Vuong’s country of Au Lac. With a favourable topography and position at the centre of the Red River Delta, Ha Noi progressively developed into a major settlement. In the fall of 1010, King Ly Thai To (the founder of the Ly Dynasty) moved the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La Citadel.
One day, King Ly Thai To saw a golden dragon emerging from the waters of Red River, near what is now Ha Noi. Interpreting this fact as a good omen, the king ordered that the name of Dai La be changed to Thang Long (ascending dragon). The year 1010 was a historic year for Ha Noi as well as for the whole country.
Throughout the Ly, Tran and Le dynasties, Thang Long developed into a strong capital with hundreds of palaces, royal residences, magnificent pagodas and temples. Buddhism and Confucianism developed strongly. Quoc Tu Giam, Viet Nam’s first college was built in 1076 and thousands of talented scholars came here for training. Thang Long witnessed many glorious victories in the resistance against aggressors; the most symbolic of which were the three successive victories against the Yuan-Mongol army in 1258, 1285, and 1288.
Despite its changing names (Thang Long, Dong Do, Dong Kinh, and Ha Noi), the capital has been the heart of the country for a thousand years by 2010.
Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural calamities, Ha Noi still preserves many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of Literature (built in 1070), Ha Noi Citadel, Ha Noi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum…
Ha Noi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake…, which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Ha Noi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Ha Noi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk…
Ha Noi is 91km from Ninh Binh Province, 102km from Hai Phong City, 153km from Thanh Hoa Province, 160km from Ha Long City, 154km from Lang Son Province, 340km from Sa Pa Town, 480km from Dien Bien Phu City, 654km from Hue City, 740km from Da Nang City, 1,690km from Ho Chi Minh City.
Noi Bai International Airport is about 30km from the centre of Ha Noi. From Ha Noi, there are regular flights to many cities around Viet Nam and in the world.
Northern Service Flight Company (Gia Lam Airport, Gia Thuy Ward, Long Bien Dist.) operates chartered helicopters between Ha Noi and Ha Long Bay and some other destinations. You need to design your trip and contact Booking Office for reservation: Tel: (84-24) 3877 1410, ext 105; Fax: (84-24) 3827 2780.
Ha Noi Railway Station, located at 120 Le Duan St., has two gates: the main “Station A” is on Le Duan Street and “Station B” is on Tran Quy Cap Street. Domestically, trains from “Station A” depart for Southern provinces while trains from “Station B” depart for Northern provinces. In addition, there are international railways to some destinations of China.
Read more: Vietnam travel agency